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Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes mellitus, often referred to simply as diabetes, is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by elevated levels of blood glucose (sugar). This condition occurs when the body either cannot produce enough insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar or cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. Diabetes is a lifelong condition that requires careful management to prevent complications.


The two types of diabetes can have very similar symptoms if the blood glucose is significantly elevated.

The symptoms of high blood glucose levels include

  • Increased thirst
  • Increased urination
  • Increased hunger


When the blood glucose level rises above 160 to 180 mg/dL (8.9 to 10.0 mmol/L), glucose spills into the urine. When the level of glucose in the urine rises even higher, the kidneys excrete additional water to dilute the large amount of glucose. Because the kidneys produce excessive urine, people with diabetes urinate large volumes frequently (polyuria). The excessive urination creates abnormal thirst (polydipsia). Because excessive calories are lost in the urine, people may lose weight. To compensate, people often feel excessively hungry.

Other symptoms of diabetes include

  • Blurred vision
  • Drowsiness
  • Nausea
  • Decreased endurance during exercise

Causes of Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes can have multiple causes, including:

  • Type 1 Diabetes: An autoimmune condition where the immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells in the pancreas.
  • Type 2 Diabetes: Often linked to genetics and lifestyle factors, such as obesity and lack of physical activity. It involves insulin resistance, where the body’s cells do not respond effectively to insulin.
  • Gestational Diabetes: Developing during pregnancy when the body cannot produce enough insulin to meet increased demands.

Diagnosis of Diabetes Mellitus

Diagnosing diabetes typically involves:

  • Fasting Blood Sugar Test: Measuring blood glucose levels after an overnight fast. A fasting blood sugar level of 126 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or higher is indicative of diabetes.
  • Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT): Drinking a glucose solution and then having blood sugar levels tested at intervals. A two-hour blood sugar level of 200 mg/dL or higher is diagnostic for diabetes.
  • Hemoglobin A1c Test: Providing an average of blood sugar levels over the past two to three months. An A1c level of 6.5% or higher is indicative of diabetes.

Who Needs Diabetes Mellitus Treatment

Individuals with diabetes require treatment to control blood sugar levels and reduce the risk of complications. This includes those diagnosed with type 1, type 2, or gestational diabetes.

When to See a Specialist

Consult a healthcare provider if you experience symptoms like excessive thirst, frequent urination, or unexplained weight loss. A diabetes specialist, known as an endocrinologist, can provide specialized care.


Managing diabetes involves a multifaceted approach:

  • Medication: For type 1 diabetes, daily insulin injections or an insulin pump are necessary. For type 2 diabetes, medication may be prescribed, which can include oral medications or injectable insulin.
  • Diet: Adopting a balanced diet with a focus on carbohydrate management.
  • Exercise: Engaging in regular physical activity to help control blood sugar levels.
  • Monitoring: Regularly checking blood sugar levels using a glucose meter.
  • Lifestyle Changes: Making healthy lifestyle choices, including quitting smoking, maintaining a healthy weight, and managing stress.

Road To Recovery

Recovery in diabetes management involves maintaining blood sugar levels within target ranges to prevent complications. With proper management, individuals with diabetes can lead active and healthy lives.

Risk Management

Managing diabetes involves:

  • Blood Sugar Monitoring: Regularly checking blood sugar levels as advised by a healthcare provider.
  • Medication Adherence: Taking prescribed medications consistently.
  • Healthy Lifestyle: Adopting a balanced diet, engaging in regular exercise, and managing stress.

Benefits of Diabetes Mellitus Treatment

Effective diabetes management can lead to:

  • Prevention of Complications: Lowering the risk of diabetes-related complications such as heart disease, kidney disease, and vision problems.
  • Improved Quality of Life: Maintaining stable blood sugar levels helps individuals feel better and more energetic.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Can diabetes be cured?

No, diabetes is a chronic condition that cannot be cured, but it can be effectively managed through medication, lifestyle changes, and regular monitoring.

2. Is diabetes hereditary?

Yes, genetics can play a role in the development of type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Individuals with a family history of diabetes may be at an increased risk.

3. Can diabetes be prevented?

Type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented, but type 2 diabetes can often be delayed or prevented through a healthy lifestyle, including maintaining a healthy weight, eating a balanced diet, and staying physically active.

Treatians As The Best Choice

Treatians understand that seeking medical treatment abroad can be a daunting experience for patients and their families. That’s why the company offers end-to-end support to its clients, from the initial consultation to post-treatment care. The company provides personalized treatment plans that are tailored to meet the individual needs of each patient, and its team of dedicated professionals is always on hand to provide guidance and support throughout the entire process. Contact us at +91-9560960088, drop your email


Service Recipient Says

Oxmox advised her not to do so, because there were thousands of bad Commas, wild Question Marks and devious.

Kolis Muller NY Citizen

Oxmox advised her not to do so, because there were thousands of bad Commas, wild Question Marks and devious.

Kolis Muller NY Citizen

Oxmox advised her not to do so, because there were thousands of bad Commas, wild Question Marks and devious.

Kolis Muller NY Citizen