Download Our App

Ease of booking appointments and tracking the treatment journey with a multilingual app

Costs of all treatments
Most affordable packages that can be customized as per the needs

No Hidden Cost

Top Hospitals

Arteriovenous Malformations (AVM)

An arteriovenous malformation, or AVM, is an abnormal tangle of vessels in the brain or spinal cord in which one or more arteries are directly connected to one or more veins. Arteries carry blood from the heart to the tissues and veins take blood back from the tissues to the heart. In an AVM, the direct connection between one or more arteries and veins gives rise to many problems. The most serious problem is that veins are typically thin-walled vessels that cannot accept high-pressure blood flow for extended periods. The result is that AVMs can rupture and bleed into the brain.



Symptoms may vary depending on where the AVM is located:

  • More than 50% of patients with an AVM have an intracranial hemorrhage.
  • Among AVM patients, 20% to 25% have focal or generalized seizures.
  • Patients may have localized pain in the head due to increased blood flow around an AVM.
  • 15% may have difficulty with movement, speech and vision.


A brain AVM contains abnormal; therefore, “weakened” blood vessels that direct blood away from normal brain tissue. These abnormal and weak blood vessels dilate over time. Eventually, they may burst from the high pressure of blood flow from the arteries.

Who Needs Arteriovenous Malformations (AVM):

Anyone can have an AVM, but they are most commonly diagnosed in young adults. The exact cause of AVMs is unknown, but they are believed to develop during fetal development. Some risk factors that may increase the likelihood of developing an AVM include a family history of AVMs or genetic conditions such as hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT). Individuals with an AVM may experience symptoms such as seizures, headaches, neurological deficits, or bleeding.

When to See a Specialist

If you experience symptoms such as severe headaches, seizures, neurological deficits (such as weakness or numbness), or have a family history of AVMs, it is important to consult a neurologist or a specialist who specializes in vascular malformations. They can evaluate your symptoms, order appropriate imaging tests, and determine if further evaluation and treatment are necessary.


The treatment approach for AVMs depends on various factors, including the size, location, symptoms, and associated risks. The steps involved in the treatment of AVMs may include:

  • Diagnosis: AVMs are typically diagnosed using imaging tests such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT) scan, or angiography, which provides detailed information about the blood vessels.
  • Evaluation: A team of specialists, including neurosurgeons, interventional radiologists, and neurologists, will evaluate the AVM and determine the most appropriate treatment option.
  • Treatment options: The treatment plan for an AVM may involve one or a combination of the following approaches:
  • Observation: In some cases, if the AVM is small and not causing symptoms or posing significant risks, a “wait-and-watch” approach may be recommended.
  • Endovascular embolization: This minimally invasive procedure involves the insertion of a catheter into the blood vessels to deliver substances that block or reduce blood flow to the AVM.
  • Stereotactic radiosurgery: Using highly focused radiation beams, this treatment aims to destroy the abnormal blood vessels over time.
  • Surgical resection: In some cases, open surgery may be recommended to remove the AVM, particularly if it is large, easily accessible, and poses a significant risk of bleeding or other complications.
  • Follow-up care: Regular follow-up visits and imaging tests may be necessary to monitor the AVM and assess the effectiveness of the treatment.

Road to Recovery

The road to recovery after treatment for an AVM varies depending on the size, location, and type of treatment received. Some individuals may experience immediate relief of symptoms, while others may require ongoing rehabilitation and management of potential complications. Rehabilitation therapies, including physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech therapy, may be beneficial to regain lost function and improve quality of life.

Risk Management

AVMs carry certain risks, including the potential for bleeding, seizures, or neurological deficits. Regular follow-up care and monitoring are essential to detect any changes in the AVM and address potential risks promptly. It is important to manage any associated conditions, such as high blood pressure or certain medications that may increase the risk of bleeding. Discussing specific risks and risk management strategies with a healthcare professional is crucial.

Benefits of Arteriovenous Malformations (AVM) Treatment

Treating an AVM aims to prevent potential complications such as bleeding, relieve symptoms, and improve quality of life. The specific benefits of treatment depend on the individual case and the chosen treatment approach. Benefits may include reduced risk of bleeding, improved neurological function, relief from symptoms, and a reduced need for ongoing medical interventions.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. Can an AVM be cured?

    Treatment can effectively manage AVMs, but complete cure is not always possible. The goal of treatment is to prevent complications, relieve symptoms, and improve quality of life.

  2. What are the long-term outcomes after AVM treatment?

    Long-term outcomes vary depending on the size, location, and type of treatment received. Some individuals may have a complete resolution of symptoms, while others may require ongoing management or rehabilitation.

  3. Can an AVM come back after treatment?

    While treatment aims to address the AVM, there is a small risk of recurrence or residual AVM. Regular follow-up care and monitoring are important to detect any changes.

  4. Are there any lifestyle changes or precautions to take after AVM treatment?

    Depending on the specific case, healthcare professionals may recommend certain lifestyle modifications or precautions to minimize the risk of complications. These may include managing blood pressure, avoiding certain medications that increase bleeding risk, and following a healthy lifestyle.

  5. Can AVMs be detected before symptoms appear?

    In some cases, AVMs may be detected incidentally during imaging tests performed for other reasons. In individuals with a family history of AVMs or certain genetic conditions, screening tests may be recommended.

Treatians As The Best Choice

Treatians understand that seeking medical treatment abroad can be a daunting experience for patients and their families. That’s why the company offers end-to-end support to its clients, from the initial consultation to post-treatment care. The company provides personalized treatment plans that are tailored to meet the individual needs of each patient, and its team of dedicated professionals is always on hand to provide guidance and support throughout the entire process. Contact us at +91-9560960088, drop your email [email protected]


Dr. K.M. Hassan


Dr. Sushma Sharma


Dr. Sonia Lal Gupta


Service Recipient Says

Oxmox advised her not to do so, because there were thousands of bad Commas, wild Question Marks and devious.

Kolis Muller NY Citizen

Oxmox advised her not to do so, because there were thousands of bad Commas, wild Question Marks and devious.

Kolis Muller NY Citizen

Oxmox advised her not to do so, because there were thousands of bad Commas, wild Question Marks and devious.

Kolis Muller NY Citizen