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Guillain-Barré Syndrome

Guillain-Barre (gee-YAH-buh-RAY) syndrome is a rare disorder in which your body’s immune system attacks your nerves. Weakness and tingling in your hands and feet are usually the first symptoms. These sensations can quickly spread, eventually paralyzing your whole body. In its most severe form, Guillain-Barre syndrome is a medical emergency. Most people with the condition must be hospitalized to receive treatment.



Guillain-Barre syndrome often begins with tingling and weakness starting in your feet and legs and spreading to your upper body and arms. Some people notice the first symptoms in the arms or face. As Guillain-Barre syndrome progresses, muscle weakness can turn into paralysis.

Signs and symptoms of Guillain-Barre syndrome may include:

  • A pins and needles sensation in your fingers, toes, ankles or wrists
  • Weakness in your legs that spreads to your upper body
  • Unsteady walking or inability to walk or climb stairs
  • Difficulty with facial movements, including speaking, chewing or swallowing
  • Double vision or inability to move the eyes
  • Severe pain that may feel achy, shooting or cramplike and may be worse at night
  • Difficulty with bladder control or bowel function
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Low or high blood pressure
  • Difficulty breathing

People with Guillain-Barre syndrome usually experience their most significant weakness within two weeks after symptoms begin.


The exact cause of Guillain-Barré Syndrome is not fully understood. However, it is often preceded by an infection, commonly:

  • Viral infections: Respiratory or gastrointestinal viral infections, such as the flu or Epstein-Barr virus.
  • Bacterial infections: Certain bacterial infections, such as Campylobacter jejuni, can trigger GBS.

Guillain-Barré Syndrome Diagnosis

Diagnosing Guillain-Barré Syndrome involves a thorough evaluation, which may include:

  • Medical history and physical examination: The doctor will review the individual’s medical history, including recent infections, and conduct a detailed physical examination to assess muscle strength and reflexes.
  • Electromyography (EMG): This test measures the electrical activity of muscles and helps determine the extent of nerve damage.
  • Nerve conduction studies: These tests evaluate the speed and strength of nerve signals and can provide information about nerve function.
  • Lumbar puncture (spinal tap): A sample of cerebrospinal fluid is collected and analyzed for signs of inflammation and other abnormalities.

Who Needs Guillain-Barré Syndrome Treatment:

Anyone diagnosed with Guillain-Barré Syndrome requires treatment, especially if the symptoms are severe or progressing rapidly. Treatment focuses on managing symptoms, speeding up recovery, and preventing complications.

When to See a Specialist

If you experience symptoms such as muscle weakness, tingling sensations, or difficulty with coordination following a recent infection, it is crucial to seek immediate medical attention. A neurologist or neuromuscular specialist should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment.

Types of Treatment for Guillain-Barré Syndrome

Treatment for Guillain-Barré Syndrome aims to provide supportive care, manage complications, and promote recovery. Some treatment options include:

  • Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG): High-dose injections of immunoglobulins are given to suppress the immune response and reduce inflammation.
  • Plasmapheresis: This procedure filters and removes harmful antibodies from the blood, helping to reduce immune system activity.
  • Physical therapy: Rehabilitation and physical therapy can help maintain muscle strength, improve mobility, and restore function.
  • Pain management: Medications may be prescribed to alleviate pain and discomfort associated with GBS.
  • Respiratory support: In severe cases affecting the respiratory muscles, mechanical ventilation or other breathing assistance may be necessary.

Road To Recovery

The recovery process from Guillain-Barré Syndrome varies for each individual. It can take weeks to months, and some individuals may experience lingering weakness or fatigue. Rehabilitation, including physical and occupational therapy, plays a vital role in the recovery process.

Risk Management

To manage the risks associated with Guillain-Barré Syndrome, it is important to:

  • Follow the treatment plan prescribed by your healthcare provider.
  • Attend regular medical check-ups to monitor progress and address any new symptoms.
  • Practice proper self-care, including maintaining a healthy lifestyle, managing stress, and getting enough rest.
  • Take steps to prevent infections, such as practicing good hygiene and receiving recommended vaccinations.

Benefits of Guillain-Barré Syndrome Treatments

The benefits of Guillain-Barré Syndrome treatments include:

  • Reduction of inflammation and immune system activity.
  • Acceleration of the recovery process.
  • Improvement in muscle strength and mobility.
  • Pain relief and management of symptoms.
  • Prevention or management of complications associated with GBS.

Frequently Asked Questions:

  1. Can Guillain-Barré Syndrome be cured?

    Guillain-Barré Syndrome cannot be cured, but with proper treatment and management, most individuals experience a good recovery and regain their normal functions over time.

  2. Is Guillain-Barré Syndrome contagious?

    No, Guillain-Barré Syndrome itself is not contagious. It is a result of the body’s immune response to an infection.

  3. Are there long-term complications of Guillain-Barré Syndrome?

    In some cases, individuals may experience long-term complications, such as persistent weakness, fatigue, or sensory changes. Rehabilitation and ongoing medical care can help manage these symptoms.

  4. Can Guillain-Barré Syndrome recur?

    While rare, recurrent episodes of Guillain-Barré Syndrome can occur. However, most cases are isolated events.

  5. Can Guillain-Barré Syndrome be prevented?

    There is no known way to prevent Guillain-Barré Syndrome. However, practicing good hygiene, receiving recommended vaccinations, and managing infections promptly may help reduce the risk.

Treatians As The Best Choice

Treatians understand that seeking medical treatment abroad can be a daunting experience for patients and their families. That’s why the company offers end-to-end support to its clients, from the initial consultation to post-treatment care. The company provides personalized treatment plans that are tailored to meet the individual needs of each patient, and its team of dedicated professionals is always on hand to provide guidance and support throughout the entire process. Contact us at +91-9560960088, drop your email [email protected]


Dr. K.M. Hassan


Dr. Sushma Sharma


Dr. Sonia Lal Gupta


Service Recipient Says

Oxmox advised her not to do so, because there were thousands of bad Commas, wild Question Marks and devious.

Kolis Muller NY Citizen

Oxmox advised her not to do so, because there were thousands of bad Commas, wild Question Marks and devious.

Kolis Muller NY Citizen

Oxmox advised her not to do so, because there were thousands of bad Commas, wild Question Marks and devious.

Kolis Muller NY Citizen