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Hydrocephalus is a condition characterized by an abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) within the ventricles of the brain. CSF surrounds the brain and spinal cord. When the circulatory path of the CSF is blocked, fluid begins to accumulate, causing the ventricles to enlarge and the pressure inside the head to increase, resulting in hydrocephalus.


Hydrocephalus Symptoms:

The symptoms of hydrocephalus can vary depending on the age of the individual and the severity of the condition. Common symptoms include:

  • Enlarged head size (in infants)
  • Rapid increase in head circumference (in infants)
  • Bulging fontanelle (soft spot on an infant’s head)
  • Headache
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Blurred or double vision
  • Difficulty balancing or walking
  • Changes in personality or behavior
  • Decline in cognitive abilities
  • Seizures

Hydrocephalus Causes

Hydrocephalus can have various underlying causes, including:

  • Congenital hydrocephalus: Present at birth and usually caused by developmental abnormalities affecting CSF flow or absorption.
  • Acquired hydrocephalus: Develops after birth due to conditions such as brain tumors, infections (e.g., meningitis), head trauma, or intraventricular hemorrhage.

Hydrocephalus Diagnosis

Diagnosing hydrocephalus typically involves a combination of medical history evaluation, physical examination, and imaging tests. Diagnostic procedures may include:

  • Neurological examination: The doctor assesses motor functions, reflexes, coordination, and cognitive abilities.
  • Imaging tests: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scans provide detailed images of the brain, revealing the presence of hydrocephalus and its underlying cause.
  • Lumbar puncture (spinal tap): A small amount of CSF is collected and analyzed to check for abnormalities and increased pressure.

Who Needs Hydrocephalus Treatment

Hydrocephalus always requires treatment to prevent or reduce potential complications. Treatment is necessary for individuals of all ages, from infants to older adults, who have been diagnosed with hydrocephalus.

When to See a Specialist

It is crucial to consult a specialist if you or a loved one experiences symptoms associated with hydrocephalus, such as headache, vision problems, or changes in behavior. Prompt medical attention is necessary for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

Types of Treatment for Hydrocephalus

Treatment for hydrocephalus aims to restore the normal flow and absorption of CSF. The most common treatment options include:

  • Shunt placement: A shunt is a thin tube that is surgically placed to redirect the excess CSF from the brain to another part of the body, where it can be absorbed.
  • Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV): In some cases, a neurosurgeon may create a small hole in the floor of the brain’s third ventricle to bypass the blockage and allow CSF to flow freely.

Road To Recovery

The recovery process for hydrocephalus depends on various factors, including the severity of the condition and the individual’s age. Rehabilitation, therapy, and ongoing monitoring are often necessary to support the individual’s overall well-being and development.

Risk Management

To manage the risks associated with hydrocephalus and its treatments, it is important to:

  • Attend regular medical follow-ups and imaging studies to monitor the condition.
  • Seek immediate medical attention if new symptoms or changes occur.
  • Follow the healthcare provider’s instructions regarding medication, activity restrictions, and post-operative care.

Benefits of Hydrocephalus Treatments

The benefits of hydrocephalus treatments include:

  • Relief of symptoms associated with increased intracranial pressure.
  • Prevention of further brain damage and complications.
  • Improvement in cognitive functions and overall quality of life.
  • Facilitation of normal brain development in infants and children.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. Can hydrocephalus be cured?

    While hydrocephalus cannot be cured, timely and appropriate treatment can effectively manage the condition, alleviate symptoms, and prevent complications.

  2. Is hydrocephalus a progressive condition?

    In many cases, hydrocephalus is a progressive condition, meaning it may worsen over time if left untreated. Regular medical follow-ups are essential to monitor the condition and adjust treatment as needed.

  3. Can hydrocephalus affect cognitive abilities?

    Hydrocephalus can affect cognitive abilities, particularly in cases of long-standing or severe untreated hydrocephalus. Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial to minimize potential cognitive impairments.

  4. Can hydrocephalus occur in adults?

    Yes, hydrocephalus can occur in adults. It may be acquired later in life due to conditions such as brain tumors, infections, or head injuries.

  5. Can hydrocephalus occur after birth?

    Yes, hydrocephalus can develop after birth as a result of various factors, including head trauma, infections, or other medical conditions.

Treatians As The Best Choice

Treatians understand that seeking medical treatment abroad can be a daunting experience for patients and their families. That’s why the company offers end-to-end support to its clients, from the initial consultation to post-treatment care. The company provides personalized treatment plans that are tailored to meet the individual needs of each patient, and its team of dedicated professionals is always on hand to provide guidance and support throughout the entire process. Contact us at +91-9560960088, drop your email [email protected]


Dr. K.M. Hassan


Dr. Sushma Sharma


Dr. Sonia Lal Gupta


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Kolis Muller NY Citizen

Oxmox advised her not to do so, because there were thousands of bad Commas, wild Question Marks and devious.

Kolis Muller NY Citizen

Oxmox advised her not to do so, because there were thousands of bad Commas, wild Question Marks and devious.

Kolis Muller NY Citizen