Download Our App

Ease of booking appointments and tracking the treatment journey with a multilingual app

Costs of all treatments
Most affordable packages that can be customized as per the needs

No Hidden Cost

Top Hospitals

Muscular Dystrophy

Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a disorder that slowly weakens muscles. Over time, a child’s muscles break down. They are replaced with fatty tissue. MD can make movements like walking and standing up hard to do. It may even cause deformities in the joints. MD is a genetic disorder. That means it is inherited. Children with a family history of the condition are more likely to have it.


Muscular Dystrophy Symptoms

The symptoms of muscular dystrophy can vary depending on the specific type and severity of the condition. Common symptoms may include:

  • Progressive muscle weakness: Weakness typically starts in the hips, pelvic area, thighs, or shoulders and gradually spreads to other muscle groups.
  • Loss of muscle mass: Muscles may appear smaller and less developed due to the progressive degeneration of muscle fibers.
  • Muscle stiffness and rigidity: Some types of muscular dystrophy may cause muscle stiffness or contractures, limiting joint movement.
  • Difficulty with motor skills: Individuals may experience difficulties with walking, running, jumping, or maintaining balance.
  • Fatigue: Muscle weakness can lead to increased fatigue and decreased stamina.
  • Delayed motor milestones: Children with muscular dystrophy may experience delays in reaching developmental milestones such as sitting, standing, or walking.
  • Muscle cramps and pain: Some individuals may experience muscle cramps or pain due to muscle fiber damage.

Muscular Dystrophy Causes:

Muscular dystrophy is primarily caused by genetic mutations that interfere with the production or structure of specific proteins needed for healthy muscle function. These mutations are often inherited, although some cases may occur spontaneously without a family history of the condition. The specific genes involved can vary depending on the type of muscular dystrophy.

Muscular Dystrophy Diagnosis

The diagnosis of muscular dystrophy typically involves:

  • Medical history and physical examination: The doctor will review the individual’s medical history, ask about symptoms, and perform a thorough physical examination.
  • Genetic testing: Blood or saliva samples may be taken to identify specific genetic mutations associated with muscular dystrophy.
  • Electromyography (EMG): This test measures the electrical activity of muscles and can help determine the extent of muscle damage or weakness.
  • Muscle biopsy: In some cases, a small sample of muscle tissue may be taken and examined under a microscope to evaluate muscle structure and identify any abnormalities.
  • Imaging tests: MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) or CT (computed tomography) scans may be conducted to assess muscle and tissue health.

Who Needs Muscular Dystrophy Treatment:

Anyone diagnosed with muscular dystrophy may benefit from treatment. Treatment aims to manage symptoms, slow down the progression of the condition, and improve quality of life. It is essential to develop an individualized treatment plan in collaboration with healthcare professionals.

When to See a Specialist

If you experience muscle weakness, difficulty with movement, or other concerning symptoms, it is advisable to see a specialist, such as a neurologist or a neuromuscular specialist. These healthcare professionals have expertise in diagnosing and managing muscular dystrophy.

Types of Treatment for Muscular Dystrophy

The treatment approach for muscular dystrophy may involve a combination of the following:

  • Physical therapy: This therapy focuses on maintaining range of motion, improving muscle strength and flexibility, and managing mobility challenges.
  • Assistive devices: The use of mobility aids, braces, or orthopedic devices may help with walking, standing, or maintaining proper posture.
  • Medications: Some medications, such as corticosteroids, may be prescribed to slow down the progression of muscle weakness and delay the loss of muscle function.
  • Respiratory support: In advanced cases of muscular dystrophy, respiratory complications may arise, and respiratory aids or machines may be necessary to assist with breathing.
  • Surgical interventions: Orthopedic surgeries may be considered to address joint contractures, scoliosis, or other musculoskeletal complications.
  • Genetic counseling: Genetic counseling may be recommended for individuals and families to understand the inheritance pattern, discuss family planning, and access resources for genetic testing.

Road to Recovery

The road to recovery for muscular dystrophy focuses on symptom management, maintaining functional abilities, and optimizing the quality of life. It is important to establish a multidisciplinary team of healthcare professionals who can provide ongoing support, monitor disease progression, and adapt treatment strategies as needed.

Risk Management

To manage the risks associated with muscular dystrophy, individuals are encouraged to:

  • Follow the recommended treatment plan: Adhere to medication regimens, attend therapy sessions, and follow lifestyle recommendations provided by healthcare professionals.
  • Engage in physical therapy: Regular participation in prescribed exercises and physical therapy can help maintain muscle strength, flexibility, and function.
  • Monitor respiratory health: Regular respiratory assessments and adherence to respiratory support recommendations can help manage respiratory complications.
  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle: Eating a balanced diet, managing weight, and practicing good overall health habits can contribute to overall well-being and potentially slow disease progression.
  • Prevent injuries: Take precautions to prevent falls and injuries by ensuring a safe home environment, using assistive devices, and maintaining good balance.

Benefits of Muscular Dystrophy Treatments:

The benefits of muscular dystrophy treatments include:

  • Improved muscle strength and function: Treatment approaches such as physical therapy and medication can help slow down the progression of muscle weakness and maintain functional abilities.
  • Enhanced quality of life: Managing symptoms and maintaining mobility can contribute to an improved overall quality of life.
  • Optimal respiratory function: Proper respiratory support and interventions can help manage respiratory complications and maintain optimal breathing.
  • Support and education: Working with a multidisciplinary team provides access to support, education, and resources to assist individuals and families in coping with the challenges of living with muscular dystrophy.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. Is muscular dystrophy a curable condition?

    At present, there is no cure for muscular dystrophy. However, with proper management and treatment, symptoms can be managed, and quality of life can be improved.

  2. Can adults develop muscular dystrophy?

    Muscular dystrophy can affect individuals of all ages, including adults. It is essential to seek medical attention if you experience muscle weakness or related symptoms.

  3. Are there different types of muscular dystrophy?

    Yes, there are several types of muscular dystrophy, each with its own genetic cause and specific features. The most common types include Duchenne muscular dystrophy, Becker muscular dystrophy, and myotonic dystrophy.

  4. Can muscular dystrophy be passed down through generations?

    Many types of muscular dystrophy have a genetic component and can be inherited. Genetic counseling may be recommended for individuals with a family history of muscular dystrophy or those planning to have children.

  5. Can physical activity worsen muscular dystrophy symptoms?

    Physical activity should be approached with caution in individuals with muscular dystrophy. It is important to work with healthcare professionals to develop a personalized exercise plan that focuses on maintaining muscle strength and flexibility without exacerbating symptoms.

Treatians As The Best Choice

Treatians understand that seeking medical treatment abroad can be a daunting experience for patients and their families. That’s why the company offers end-to-end support to its clients, from the initial consultation to post-treatment care. The company provides personalized treatment plans that are tailored to meet the individual needs of each patient, and its team of dedicated professionals is always on hand to provide guidance and support throughout the entire process. Contact us at +91-9560960088, drop your email [email protected]


Dr. K.M. Hassan


Dr. Sushma Sharma


Dr. Sonia Lal Gupta


Service Recipient Says

Oxmox advised her not to do so, because there were thousands of bad Commas, wild Question Marks and devious.

Kolis Muller NY Citizen

Oxmox advised her not to do so, because there were thousands of bad Commas, wild Question Marks and devious.

Kolis Muller NY Citizen

Oxmox advised her not to do so, because there were thousands of bad Commas, wild Question Marks and devious.

Kolis Muller NY Citizen