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VP Shunting

VP (ventriculoperitoneal) shunting is a process to remove excessive cerebrospinal fluid deposited in ventricles of the brain and spinal cord which is accumulated due to excessive production of Cerebrospinal fluid, low absorption of cerebrospinal fluid or due to blockage. VP shunt is a device which is used to collect the excessive Cerebrospinal fluid which is sent to abdomen for absorption.


Who Needs VP Shunting

VP shunting is typically recommended for individuals with hydrocephalus, a condition that can occur at any age but is more commonly diagnosed in infants, children, and older adults. It is indicated when there is an imbalance between the production and absorption of CSF, resulting in increased fluid accumulation and increased pressure within the brain. Common conditions that may require VP shunting include congenital hydrocephalus, aqueductal stenosis, communicating hydrocephalus, and acquired hydrocephalus due to traumatic brain injury, tumors, or infections.

When to See a Specialist

It is essential to consult with a neurosurgeon or a specialist experienced in the management of hydrocephalus if you experience any of the following symptoms:

  • Persistent and worsening headaches
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Vision changes or blurred vision
  • Changes in behavior or cognitive function
  • Loss of coordination or difficulty walking
  • Swelling or bulging of the fontanelles (in infants)


  • Preoperative evaluation: The specialist will conduct a thorough evaluation, including a physical examination, imaging tests such as MRI or CT scan, and review of medical history to confirm the diagnosis and determine the most appropriate treatment plan.
  • Anesthesia: The patient will be given anesthesia to ensure comfort and minimize pain during the procedure.
  • Incision: The surgeon will make a small incision in the scalp and create a burr hole in the skull to access the ventricles of the brain.
  • Catheter placement: A catheter will be carefully inserted into the ventricles of the brain and securely anchored in place.
  • Valve placement: The surgeon will implant a valve beneath the skin, usually in the chest or abdominal area, to regulate the flow of CSF.
  • Catheter routing: The catheter will be tunneled under the skin, usually behind the ear and down the neck or chest, to reach the final destination site for CSF drainage.
  • Connection to the peritoneal cavity: The distal end of the catheter will be inserted into the peritoneal cavity, the space in the abdomen, where the excess CSF will be absorbed and eliminated.
  • Closure: The incisions will be closed with sutures or staples, and a dressing will be applied.

Road to Recovery

After the VP shunting procedure, the patient will typically stay in the hospital for monitoring and recovery. The length of the hospital stay may vary depending on the individual’s age, overall health, and response to the procedure. Recovery at home involves following the doctor’s instructions, including wound care, medication management, and scheduling follow-up appointments. Rehabilitation and physical therapy may be recommended to help regain strength and mobility if necessary.

Risk Management

While VP shunting is generally considered a safe and effective treatment for hydrocephalus, there are potential risks and complications associated with the procedure, such as infection, bleeding, blockage or malfunction of the shunt system, overdrainage or underdrainage of CSF, and complications related to anesthesia. Regular follow-up visits with the specialist are crucial to monitor the shunt’s function and address any concerns or complications promptly.

Benefits of VP Shunting

VP shunting can provide several benefits for individuals with hydrocephalus, including:

  • Relief of symptoms: By diverting excess CSF, VP shunting helps alleviate symptoms associated with hydrocephalus, such as headaches, nausea, and vision problems.
  • Prevention of brain damage: By reducing intracranial pressure, VP shunting helps protect the brain from potential damage caused by fluid accumulation.
  • Improved quality of life: With proper management, VP shunting allows individuals to lead a more normal and active life by reducing the impact of hydrocephalus symptoms on daily activities and overall well-being.

Treatians As The Best Choice

Treatians understand that seeking medical treatment abroad can be a daunting experience for patients and their families. That’s why the company offers end-to-end support to its clients, from the initial consultation to post-treatment care. The company provides personalized treatment plans that are tailored to meet the individual needs of each patient, and its team of dedicated professionals is always on hand to provide guidance and support throughout the entire process. Contact us at +91-9560960088, drop your email

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. Is VP shunting a permanent solution for hydrocephalus?

    VP shunting is a long-term treatment for hydrocephalus but may not always be a permanent solution. Shunts can require adjustments, revisions, or replacements over time due to complications or changes in the individual’s condition.

  2. Will the presence of a shunt restrict physical activities?

    In most cases, individuals with VP shunts can engage in regular physical activities and exercise. However, certain contact sports or activities that pose a high risk of head injury may need to be avoided or modified.

  3. Can complications occur after VP shunting?

    Complications can occur after VP shunting, such as infection, blockage, or malfunction of the shunt. It is important to promptly report any symptoms such as fever, severe headaches, changes in vision, or abdominal pain to the healthcare provider.

  4. Will the shunt be visible or noticeable?

    The shunt system is usually placed beneath the skin, making it minimally visible. Depending on the individual’s body type and the specific placement site, the shunt may or may not be noticeable.

  5. Can a person with a VP shunt live a normal life?

    With appropriate management and regular follow-up care, individuals with VP shunts can lead relatively normal life. However, ongoing monitoring and periodic evaluations are necessary to ensure the shunt’s proper function and to address any potential issues promptly.

Treatment Plans

  • Trauma & intensive care $59
  • Aged Care $29
  • Community Services $25
  • Diagnosis & Investigation $48
  • Medical & Surgical $82
  • Mental Health $74
  • Rehabitation $24
  • Specialised Support Service $19
  • Trauma & intensive care $59
  • Aged Care $29
  • Community Services $25
  • Diagnosis & Investigation $48
  • Medical & Surgical $82
  • Mental Health $74
  • Rehabitation $24
  • Specialised Support Service $19

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Service Recipient Says

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Kolis Muller NY Citizen

Oxmox advised her not to do so, because there were thousands of bad Commas, wild Question Marks and devious.

Kolis Muller NY Citizen

Oxmox advised her not to do so, because there were thousands of bad Commas, wild Question Marks and devious.

Kolis Muller NY Citizen