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Colon Cancer

Colon cancer, also known as colorectal cancer, is a type of cancer that affects the colon or rectum. It usually begins as a small growth called a polyp, which can develop into cancer over time. Colon cancer is one of the most common types of cancer and can be life-threatening if not diagnosed and treated early.


Signs and symptoms of colon cancer include:

  • A persistent change in your bowel habits, including diarrhea or constipation or a change in the consistency of your stool
  • Rectal bleeding or blood in your stool
  • Persistent abdominal discomforts, such as cramps, gas, or pain
  • A feeling that your bowel doesn’t empty completely
  • Weakness or fatigue
  • Unexplained weight loss

Many people with colon cancer experience no symptoms in the early stages of the disease. When symptoms appear, they’ll likely vary, depending on the cancer’s size and location in your large intestine.

Colon Cancer Causes

The exact cause of colon cancer is unclear, but certain risk factors can increase the likelihood of developing the disease. These include age (colon cancer is more common in people over 50), a family history of colon cancer or polyps, a personal history of inflammatory bowel disease, a sedentary lifestyle, obesity, smoking, and a diet high in red and processed meats.

Colon Cancer Diagnosis

Diagnosing colon cancer typically involves a combination of methods, including a review of medical history, physical examination, laboratory tests (such as blood tests), imaging tests (like CT scans or colonoscopy), and biopsy to confirm the presence of cancer cells. Early detection is crucial for successful treatment.

Who needs Colon Cancer Treatment

Individuals diagnosed with colon cancer require treatment to remove or destroy cancer cells and prevent the spread of the disease. The specific treatment plan depends on factors such as the stage of cancer, the location of the tumor, the person’s overall health, and personal preferences. Treatment options may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, or immunotherapy.

When to See a Specialist

It is recommended to see a specialist if you experience persistent symptoms such as changes in bowel habits, rectal bleeding, abdominal pain, or unexplained weight loss. Additionally, individuals with a family history of colon cancer or other risk factors should consider regular screenings to detect any abnormalities at an early stage.

Types of Treatment For Colon Cancer

The treatment options for colon cancer may include surgery to remove the tumor and nearby lymph nodes, chemotherapy to kill cancer cells, radiation therapy to destroy cancer cells with high-energy radiation, targeted therapy that focuses on specific abnormalities in cancer cells, and immunotherapy to enhance the body’s immune response against cancer cells. The choice of treatment depends on the stage and characteristics of the cancer.

Road To Recovery

The recovery process after colon cancer treatment varies for each individual. It may involve physical and emotional adjustments, regular follow-up visits with healthcare providers, and adopting a healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet and regular exercise. Support from family, friends, and support groups can also aid in the recovery journey.


Reducing the risk of colon cancer involves adopting a healthy lifestyle, such as maintaining a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains while limiting processed foods and red meats. Regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, quitting smoking, and limiting alcohol consumption can also help reduce the risk. Regular screenings for early detection are vital, especially for individuals with a family history or other risk factors.

Benefits of Colon Cancer Treatments

The primary benefit of colon cancer treatments is the potential to eliminate or control cancer growth, improve survival rates, and enhance the quality of life for individuals diagnosed with the disease. Treatment options can help shrink tumors, prevent the spread of cancer, relieve symptoms, and provide a better prognosis. Collaborating with a multidisciplinary team of healthcare professionals ensures comprehensive care and support throughout the treatment journey.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is the recommended age to start colon cancer screenings?

Screening for colon cancer typically starts at age 50 for individuals with average risk. However, if you have a family history of colon cancer or other risk factors, screenings may begin earlier.

2.How often should colon cancer screenings be done?

The frequency of colon cancer screenings depends on factors such as age, personal and family medical history, and previous screening results. Generally, screenings are recommended every 10 years for average-risk individuals, but your doctor will provide personalized recommendations.

3. Are there any lifestyle changes that can reduce the risk of colon cancer?

Yes, adopting a healthy lifestyle can help reduce the risk of colon cancer. This includes maintaining a balanced diet high in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, limiting processed foods and red meats, engaging in regular physical activity, maintaining a healthy weight, quitting smoking, and limiting alcohol consumption.

4.Are there any long-term side effects of colon cancer treatment?

Some colon cancer treatments may have potential long-term side effects, such as digestive issues, changes in bowel habits, fatigue, and emotional changes. However, the severity and occurrence of side effects vary among individuals, and your healthcare team will monitor and manage them effectively.

5. Can colon cancer be cured?

The prognosis for colon cancer depends on various factors, including the stage at diagnosis, overall health, and treatment response. Early detection and treatment offer a higher chance of cure, and advancements in medical therapies have significantly improved survival rates for colon cancer.

Treatians As The Best Choice

Treatians understand that seeking medical treatment abroad can be a daunting experience for patients and their families. That’s why the company offers end-to-end support to its clients, from the initial consultation to post-treatment care. The company provides personalized treatment plans that are tailored to meet the individual needs of each patient, and its team of dedicated professionals is always on hand to provide guidance and support throughout the entire process. Contact us at +91-9560960088, drop your email


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