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Oral Cancer

Oral cancer refers to cancer that develops in the mouth or oral cavity, including the lips, tongue, gums, cheeks, and the roof or floor of the mouth. It can affect anyone, but certain factors like tobacco and alcohol use, HPV infection, poor oral hygiene, and a history of sun exposure can increase the risk of developing oral cancer.


Oral Cancer Symptoms

  • Persistent mouth sores or ulcers that do not heal

  • Red or white patches in the mouth or on the lips

  • Swelling or lumps in the mouth, throat, or neck

  • Difficulty or pain when chewing, swallowing, or speaking

  • Changes in voice or hoarseness

  • Numbness or pain in the mouth or face

  • Loose teeth or difficulty wearing dentures

  • Unexplained weight loss

Oral Cancer Causes

  • Tobacco use: Smoking cigarettes, cigars, pipes, or using smokeless tobacco increases the risk of oral cancer.

  • Alcohol consumption: Heavy and frequent alcohol consumption can raise the risk of developing oral cancer.

  • HPV infection: Certain strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV), particularly HPV16, are associated with an increased risk of oral cancer.

  • Sun exposure: Prolonged exposure to sunlight without protection can lead to lip cancer.

  • Poor oral hygiene: Neglecting oral care and having poor dental health can contribute to oral cancer development.

Oral Cancer Diagnosis

  • Diagnosing oral cancer involves a combination of physical examinations, medical history review, and diagnostic tests, which may include:

  • Oral examination: A thorough examination of the mouth, lips, and throat to check for abnormalities.

  • Biopsy: A tissue sample is taken from any suspicious areas for laboratory analysis to determine if cancer cells are present.

  • Imaging tests: X-rays, CT scans, MRI, or PET scans may be performed to determine the extent and spread of the cancer.

  • Endoscopy: A flexible tube with a light and camera is used to examine the throat, vocal cords, and the upper part of the digestive system.

Who Needs Oral Cancer Treatment

Individuals diagnosed with oral cancer require treatment based on the stage, location, and overall health. Treatment options may vary and can include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, or a combination of these approaches.

When to See a Specialist

It is important to see a specialist if you experience any persistent symptoms such as mouth sores, lumps, or pain that do not resolve within two weeks. Additionally, individuals with risk factors such as tobacco or alcohol use, HPV infection, or a family history of oral cancer should seek medical attention for regular screenings and preventive care.

Treatment for Oral Cancer

Treatment options for oral cancer may include:

  • Surgery: Surgical intervention to remove cancerous tissue, and lymph nodes, or reconstruct the affected areas.

  • Radiation therapy: High-energy radiation is used to target and destroy cancer cells.

  • Chemotherapy: Anti-cancer drugs are administered orally or intravenously to kill cancer cells throughout the body.

  • Targeted therapy: Medications that specifically target cancer cells with certain genetic mutations or abnormalities.

  • Immunotherapy: Drugs that enhance the body’s immune system to recognize and attack cancer cells.

Road To Recovery

The road to recovery from oral cancer treatment depends on the extent of the disease and the chosen treatment modalities. Recovery may involve wound healing, rehabilitation for speech and swallowing, and dental and oral care management. Regular follow-up visits and surveillance are essential for monitoring any potential recurrence or long-term side effects.

Risk Management

Reducing the risk of oral cancer involves adopting healthy lifestyle habits such as avoiding tobacco and limiting alcohol consumption. Practicing good oral hygiene, including regular dental check-ups, can also help in the early detection and prevention of oral cancer.

Benefits of Oral Cancer Treatments

The benefits of oral cancer treatments include:

  • Improved survival rates: Early detection and timely treatment can significantly improve survival rates.

  • Disease control: Treatment aims to control and eradicate cancer cells, preventing their spread to other parts of the body.

  • Improved quality of life: Treatment can alleviate symptoms, restore function, and improve overall quality of life.

  • Supportive care: Various supportive therapies are available to manage treatment side effects and enhance well-being.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. Can oral cancer be prevented?

    While not all cases can be prevented, adopting a healthy lifestyle, avoiding tobacco and excessive alcohol consumption, practicing good oral hygiene, and getting vaccinated against HPV can help reduce the risk of developing oral cancer.

  2. How often should I have oral cancer screenings?

    Regular dental check-ups are important for oral cancer screenings. The frequency may vary based on individual risk factors and recommendations from your healthcare provider.

  3. Are there any dietary recommendations for oral cancer patients?

    During treatment, a healthcare team may provide dietary recommendations based on individual needs and treatment side effects. It is important to maintain good nutrition to support overall health and well-being.

  4. Can oral cancer recur after treatment?

    Yes, oral cancer can recur. Regular follow-up visits and surveillance are essential to monitor for any signs of recurrence and to manage any potential long-term effects of treatment.

Treatians As The Best Choice

Treatians understand that seeking medical treatment abroad can be a daunting experience for patients and their families. That’s why the company offers end-to-end support to its clients, from the initial consultation to post-treatment care. The company provides personalized treatment plans that are tailored to meet the individual needs of each patient, and its team of dedicated professionals is always on hand to provide guidance and support throughout the entire process. Contact us at +91-9560960088, drop your email [email protected]


Dr. B. L. Aggarwal


Dr. Biswajit Paul


Dr. Ashish Govil


Dr. Sunil Sofat


Dr. Manoj Luthra


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Dr. Arvind Singhal


Dr. Gajinder Kumar Goyal


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Service Recipient Says

Oxmox advised her not to do so, because there were thousands of bad Commas, wild Question Marks and devious.

Kolis Muller NY Citizen

Oxmox advised her not to do so, because there were thousands of bad Commas, wild Question Marks and devious.

Kolis Muller NY Citizen

Oxmox advised her not to do so, because there were thousands of bad Commas, wild Question Marks and devious.

Kolis Muller NY Citizen