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Stomach Cancer

Stomach cancer, also known as gastric cancer, is the growth of cancerous cells in the lining of the stomach. It is a relatively common type of cancer worldwide and can have various subtypes. Stomach cancer often develops slowly over several years and may not cause noticeable symptoms in the early stages. However, it is important to be aware of potential symptoms, risk factors, and available treatment options.

Stomach Cancer Treatments

The symptoms of stomach cancer may vary depending on the stage of the disease. Common symptoms include:

  • Persistent indigestion or heartburn
  • Abdominal pain or discomfort
  • Feeling full after eating small amounts of food
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Blood in the stool or black, tarry stools
  • Fatigue and weakness

Stomach Cancer Causes

The exact cause of stomach cancer is not fully understood, but certain factors can increase the risk of developing the disease. These include:

  • Helicobacter pylori infection: This bacterial infection is a significant risk factor for stomach cancer.
  • Age and gender: Stomach cancer is more common in older individuals and is slightly more prevalent in men.
  • Diet: Consuming a diet high in smoked, salted, or pickled foods, as well as low in fruits and vegetables, may increase the risk.
  • Tobacco and alcohol use: Long-term tobacco and excessive alcohol consumption can contribute to stomach cancer.
  • Family history: Having a first-degree relative with stomach cancer increases the risk.

Stomach Cancer Diagnosis

The diagnosis of stomach cancer involves several steps, including:

  • Medical history and physical examination: The doctor will discuss symptoms, risk factors, and family history.
  • Imaging tests: Tests such as X-rays, CT scans, and endoscopy may be performed to visualize the stomach and detect any abnormalities.
  • Biopsy: A small tissue sample is taken during endoscopy or surgery and examined under a microscope to confirm the presence of cancerous cells.
  • Staging: Additional tests, such as endoscopic ultrasound or laparoscopy, may be done to determine the stage and extent of the cancer.

Who needs Stomach Cancer Treatment

Individuals who are diagnosed with stomach cancer will require treatment. The specific treatment plan depends on the stage of cancer, overall health, and individual preferences. Treatment options may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy.

When to see a Specialist:

It is advisable to consult a specialist if you experience persistent or worrisome symptoms related to digestion, abdominal discomfort, or unexplained weight loss. Additionally, individuals with a family history of stomach cancer or other risk factors should consider regular screenings and discuss their concerns with a healthcare provider.

Treatment for Stomach Cancer 

The treatment for stomach cancer depends on various factors, including the stage and location of the tumor, as well as the patient’s overall health. Treatment options may include:

  • Surgery: Surgical removal of the tumor and surrounding tissues may be performed, including partial or total gastrectomy.
  • Chemotherapy: The use of anti-cancer drugs to kill cancer cells or shrink the tumor.
  • Radiation therapy: High-energy rays are used to target and destroy cancer cells.
  • Targeted therapy: Medications that specifically target certain molecules or pathways involved in cancer growth.
  • Immunotherapy: Boosting the body’s immune system to recognize and destroy cancer cells.

Road to Recovery

After the procedure, you will need to lie still for a few hours to allow the catheter site to heal. You may experience some soreness or bruising at the insertion site, but this should go away within a few days. Your doctor will provide specific instructions on how to care for the insertion site and when you can resume normal activities.

Risk Management

While the exact cause of stomach cancer is unknown, certain measures can be taken to reduce the risk:

  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Quit smoking and limit alcohol consumption.
  • Practice good food hygiene.
  • Treat and eradicate Helicobacter pylori infection if present.
  • Eat a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.

Benefits of Stomach Cancer Treatments

The benefits of stomach cancer treatments are aimed at:

  • Controlling or eliminating cancerous cells.
  • Relieving symptoms and improving quality of life.
  • Increasing survival rates, especially when the cancer is detected at an early stage.
  • Enhancing the chances of long-term remission or cure.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Can stomach cancer be prevented?

While it is not always possible to prevent stomach cancer, adopting a healthy lifestyle and managing risk factors can help reduce the chances of developing the disease. Regular screenings and early detection are crucial in identifying and treating stomach cancer at its earliest stages.

2. Is stomach cancer hereditary?

In some cases, stomach cancer can run in families. If you have a family history of stomach cancer, it is important to inform your healthcare provider, who can assess your individual risk and recommend appropriate screening measures.

3. Can stomach cancer be cured?

The prognosis and chances of a cure depend on various factors, such as the stage of cancer at diagnosis and the treatment approach. Early-stage stomach cancer has a higher chance of cure, while advanced stages may require a combination of treatments to manage the disease and improve quality of life.

4. Are there any long-term side effects of stomach cancer treatments?

Some individuals may experience long-term side effects of stomach cancer treatments, such as changes in digestion, appetite, and nutrient absorption. It is important to discuss potential side effects and management strategies with your healthcare team.

5. Can I still eat normally after stomach cancer treatment?

While coronary angiography is generally considered a safe procedure, there are some risks, including bleeding or bruising at the site where the catheter is inserted, allergic reactions to the contrast dye, damage to the blood vessels or surrounding organs, and rarely, heart attack or stroke.

Treatians As The Best Choice

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