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Close Reduction of Fractures/ dislocation

Close reduction of fractures/dislocation is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used to align and stabilize fractures or dislocations of joints using arthroscopic techniques. It involves realigning the fractured or dislocated bones with the help of specialized instruments and visual guidance provided by an arthroscope, a small camera inserted into the joint.

Who Needs Arthroscopic Close Reduction of Fractures/Dislocation

Arthroscopic close reduction may be recommended for individuals who have the following conditions:

  • Fractures: It is used to treat fractures, especially those involving joints such as the shoulder, knee, hip, or wrist.

  • Dislocations: The procedure can be employed to reduce dislocations, which occur when the bones forming a joint are forced out of their normal position.

When to See a Specialist

You should consult a specialist if you experience the following signs and symptoms:

  • Visible deformity of a joint.

  • Severe pain and swelling around a joint.

  • Inability to move or bear weight on a limb.

  • A history of joint instability or previous fractures/dislocations.


  • Anesthesia: The procedure is usually performed under general anesthesia or regional anesthesia, depending on the location and complexity of the fracture or dislocation.

  • Arthroscopic access: Small incisions are made near the affected joint, and an arthroscope is inserted to visualize the joint and surrounding structures.

  • Assessment and preparation: The surgeon evaluates the fracture or dislocation using the arthroscope and other imaging techniques. Any loose fragments or damaged tissues are addressed.

  • Reduction: With the help of specialized instruments, the surgeon manipulates the fractured or dislocated bones back into their correct position, ensuring proper alignment and stability.

  • Fixation (if necessary): In some cases, additional procedures may be performed to stabilize the fracture or dislocation, such as inserting screws, plates, or wires to hold the bones together during the healing process.

  • Closure and recovery: The incisions are closed with sutures or adhesive strips, and a sterile dressing is applied. Rehabilitation and physical therapy are crucial components of the recovery process to restore strength, mobility, and function to the affected joint.

Road to Recovery

The recovery process after arthroscopic close reduction of fractures/dislocation involves the following:

  • Immobilization: Depending on the location and severity of the injury, you may need to wear a cast, splint, or brace to immobilize the joint and promote healing.

  • Rehabilitation exercises: Physical therapy is an integral part of the recovery process. The therapist will guide you through exercises to regain strength, range of motion, and joint stability.

  • Follow-up visits: Regular follow-up appointments with your healthcare team are essential to monitor the healing progress, ensure proper alignment, and make any necessary adjustments to the treatment plan.

Risk Management

Although close reduction is generally considered safe, there are potential risks and complications associated with the procedure, including infection, bleeding, nerve or blood vessel injury, stiffness, and the possibility of recurrent dislocation or fracture. However, with proper surgical technique, adherence to rehabilitation protocols, and close monitoring by healthcare professionals, these risks can be minimized.

Benefits of Close Reduction of Fractures/Dislocation

  • Minimally invasive approach: Arthroscopic techniques involve small incisions, resulting in less tissue damage, reduced scarring, and potentially faster recovery compared to traditional open surgery.

  • Improved alignment and stability: By realigning the fractured or dislocated bones, the procedure restores proper joint alignment and stability, promoting healing and reducing the risk of future complications.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is arthroscopic close reduction?

Arthroscopic close reduction is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used to realign and stabilize fractured bones or dislocated joints. It involves the use of arthroscopy, a technique that utilizes a small camera and specialized instruments inserted through small incisions, to guide the reduction and fixation of the fracture or dislocation.

2. What conditions can be treated with arthroscopic close reduction?

Arthroscopic close reduction is commonly used to treat fractures and dislocations in various joints, including the shoulder, knee, ankle, and wrist. It is particularly beneficial for cases where a minimally invasive approach is desired or when the fracture or dislocation is complex.

3. How does arthroscopic close reduction differ from traditional open reduction?

Arthroscopic close reduction is a minimally invasive procedure that utilizes small incisions and specialized instruments, whereas traditional open reduction involves a larger incision and direct visualization of the fractured bone or dislocated joint. Arthroscopic close reduction offers several advantages, such as reduced tissue trauma, less scarring, and potentially faster recovery.

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