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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic inflammatory lung disease that causes obstructed airflow from the lungs. Symptoms include breathing difficulty, cough, mucus (sputum) production and wheezing. It’s typically caused by long-term exposure to irritating gases or particulate matter, most often from cigarette smoke. People with COPD are at increased risk of developing heart disease, lung cancer and a variety of other conditions.


COPD symptoms often don’t appear until significant lung damage has occurred, and they usually worsen over time, particularly if smoking exposure continues.

Signs and symptoms of COPD may include:

  • Shortness of breath, especially during physical activities

  • Wheezing

  • Chest tightness

  • A chronic cough that may produce mucus (sputum) that may be clear, white, yellow or greenish

  • Frequent respiratory infections

  • Lack of energy

  • Unintended weight loss (in later stages)

  • Swelling in ankles, feet or legs

People with COPD are also likely to experience episodes called exacerbations, during which their symptoms become worse than the usual day-to-day variation and persist for at least several days.


COPD is primarily caused by long-term exposure to irritants that damage the lungs, including:

  • Tobacco Smoke: Smoking is the leading cause of COPD. Quitting smoking is the most effective way to slow disease progression.

  • Environmental Exposures: Prolonged exposure to workplace dust, chemicals, or pollutants can contribute to COPD.

  • Genetic Factors: A rare genetic condition called alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency can predispose individuals to COPD


Diagnosis of COPD
  • Medical History: The doctor will inquire about symptoms, exposure to risk factors, and family history.

  • Lung Function Tests: Spirometry measures how much air you can exhale forcefully after taking a deep breath. It is a key diagnostic test for COPD.

  • Chest X-ray or CT Scan: These imaging tests help assess lung health and rule out other conditions.

  • Arterial Blood Gas Test: This measures oxygen and carbon dioxide levels in the blood.


Who Needs COPD Treatment

COPD treatment is essential for individuals who:

  • Have been diagnosed with COPD based on symptoms and diagnostic tests.

  • Are experiencing COPD symptoms that affect daily life, including breathing difficulties, coughing, or frequent exacerbations.

  • Need guidance on managing COPD symptoms, medications, and lifestyle adjustments.


When to See a Specialist

Consult a pulmonologist or respiratory specialist if:

  • You have COPD symptoms or have been diagnosed with COPD.

  • Your symptoms are worsening despite initial treatment.

  • You need advanced testing or specialized treatments, such as oxygen therapy or pulmonary rehabilitation.


  • Diagnosis: COPD is diagnosed through medical history, lung function tests, and imaging studies.

  • Treatment Plan: Based on the diagnosis, a personalized treatment plan is developed, which may include medications, oxygen therapy, and lifestyle modifications.

  • Medication Management: COPD medications are prescribed to relieve symptoms and reduce inflammation. They may include bronchodilators, corticosteroids, or combination medications.

  • Oxygen Therapy: If oxygen levels are low, supplemental oxygen may be prescribed to improve breathing.

  • Pulmonary Rehabilitation: This structured program includes exercise, education, and support to improve lung function and quality of life.


Road To Recovery

While COPD is a chronic condition, proper management can help individuals lead fulfilling lives. Recovery involves adhering to your treatment plan, attending regular medical check-ups, and making healthy lifestyle choices.


Risk Management

Managing COPD effectively involves minimizing risks such as:

  • Exacerbations: Avoiding known triggers, getting vaccinations, and adhering to prescribed medications can reduce the risk of exacerbations.

  • Lung Infections: Practicing good hygiene and avoiding contact with sick individuals can lower the risk of respiratory infections.

  • Smoking: Quitting smoking is the most critical step to slow the progression of COPD and reduce the risk of complications.


Benefits of COPD Management
  • Improved Quality of Life: Effective management can reduce symptoms and enhance daily life for individuals with COPD.

  • Slowed Disease Progression: Proper treatment and lifestyle changes can slow the progression of COPD.

  • Reduced Exacerbations: Managing risk factors and following treatment plans can lower the frequency and severity of exacerbations.




Frequently Asked Questions
  1. Can COPD be cured?

    COPD is a chronic condition without a cure, but with proper management, symptoms can be controlled, and disease progression can be slowed.


  2. What lifestyle changes can help manage COPD?

    Quitting smoking, staying physically active, eating a balanced diet, and managing stress are crucial lifestyle changes for COPD management.


  3. Is oxygen therapy always necessary for COPD?

    Oxygen therapy is prescribed based on the severity of the disease and low blood oxygen levels. It may not be necessary for all individuals with COPD.


  4. Are there any specific diets for COPD management?

    While there’s no specific diet for COPD, maintaining a healthy, balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains can support overall health

Treatment Plans

  • Trauma & intensive care $59
  • Aged Care $29
  • Community Services $25
  • Diagnosis & Investigation $48
  • Medical & Surgical $82
  • Mental Health $74
  • Rehabitation $24
  • Specialised Support Service $19
  • Trauma & intensive care $59
  • Aged Care $29
  • Community Services $25
  • Diagnosis & Investigation $48
  • Medical & Surgical $82
  • Mental Health $74
  • Rehabitation $24
  • Specialised Support Service $19

Treatians As The Best Choice

Treatians understand that seeking medical treatment abroad can be a daunting experience for patients and their families. That’s why the company offers end-to-end support to its clients, from the initial consultation to post-treatment care. The company provides personalized treatment plans that are tailored to meet the individual needs of each patient, and its team of dedicated professionals is always on hand to provide guidance and support throughout the entire process. Contact us at +91-9560960088, drop your email


Dr. Prashant Saxena


Dr. Gyanendra Agarwal


Service Recipient Says

Oxmox advised her not to do so, because there were thousands of bad Commas, wild Question Marks and devious.

Kolis Muller NY Citizen

Oxmox advised her not to do so, because there were thousands of bad Commas, wild Question Marks and devious.

Kolis Muller NY Citizen

Oxmox advised her not to do so, because there were thousands of bad Commas, wild Question Marks and devious.

Kolis Muller NY Citizen