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Emphysema

Emphysema is a chronic lung condition that falls under the umbrella term “Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease” (COPD). It primarily affects the air sacs (alveoli) in the lungs, causing them to lose their elasticity. This results in the air sacs becoming stretched and less efficient in exchanging oxygen and carbon dioxide. Emphysema leads to progressive difficulty in breathing and is often caused by long-term exposure to irritants, primarily tobacco smoke.

Stages

Healthcare providers use the COPD stages to help describe emphysema. The stages are:

  • Stage 1. This is the mildest stage of emphysema. Your lungs operate at least 80% as well as the healthy lungs of someone who’s the same age, height and sex.

  • Stage 2. This is moderate emphysema. Your lungs operate between 50% and 79% as well as the healthy lungs of someone who’s the same age, height and sex.

  • Stage 3. This is severe emphysema. Your lungs operate between 30% and 49% as well as the healthy lungs of someone who’s the same age, height and sex.

  • Stage 4. This is very severe emphysema. Your lungs operate less than 30% as well as the healthy lungs of someone who’s the same age, height and sex.

 

 

Symptoms

Many people don’t notice emphysema symptoms until the disease has destroyed 50% or more of their lung tissue. Until then, the first signs include gradual shortness of breath and tiredness (fatigue).

Other emphysema symptoms include:

  • Long-term coughing (smoker’s cough).

  • Wheezing.

  • Shortness of breath, especially during light exercise like climbing steps.

  • Constant feeling of not being able to get enough air.

  • Tightness in your chest.

  • Increased mucus production.

  • Abnormal mucus color (yellow or green).

  • Ongoing fatigue.

  • Heart problems.

  • Trouble sleeping.

  • Anxiety.

  • Depression.

  • Weight loss.

If you have emphysema, you also have an increased risk of pneumonia, bronchitis and other lung infections.


Causes

Smoking is the main cause of emphysema.

Cigarette smoke destroys your lung tissue, and it also irritates your airways. Cigarette smoke causes inflammation and damages your cilia. Irritation and damaged cilia cause swollen airways, mucus production and difficulty clearing your airways. All of these changes can cause shortness of breath.

Though smoking is the main cause of emphysema, there are other causes. These include:

  • Marijuana

  • Vaping and e-cigarettes.

  • Cigar smoke.

  • Air pollution.

  • Dust.

  • Chemical fumes.

Diagnosis of Emphysema

Diagnosing emphysema typically involves:

  • Medical History: The doctor will inquire about symptoms, smoking history, and potential exposure to lung irritants.

  • Lung Function Tests: Spirometry measures how much air you can exhale forcefully after taking a deep breath. It is a key diagnostic test for emphysema.

  • Chest X-ray or CT Scan: These imaging tests help assess lung health and rule out other conditions.

  • Arterial Blood Gas Test: This measures oxygen and carbon dioxide levels in the blood.

     

Who Needs Emphysema Treatment

Emphysema treatment is essential for individuals who:

  • Have been diagnosed with emphysema based on symptoms and diagnostic tests.

  • Are experiencing emphysema symptoms that affect daily life, including breathing difficulties or frequent exacerbations.

  • Need guidance on managing emphysema symptoms, medications, and lifestyle adjustments.

 

When to See a Specialist

Consult a pulmonologist or respiratory specialist if:

  • You have been diagnosed with emphysema.

  • Emphysema symptoms are worsening despite initial treatment.

  • You need specialized emphysema care, including access to therapies and medications.

 

Procedure
  • Diagnosis: Emphysema is diagnosed through a combination of medical history, lung function tests, and imaging studies.

  • Treatment Plan: A personalized treatment plan is developed based on the diagnosis. It includes medications, lifestyle modifications, and regular check-ups.

  • Medication Management: Medications such as bronchodilators, inhaled corticosteroids, and oxygen therapy are prescribed to manage symptoms and prevent exacerbations.

  • Lifestyle Adjustments: Lifestyle changes may include quitting smoking, staying physically active, maintaining a healthy weight, and managing stress.

 

Road To Recovery

While emphysema is a chronic condition, proper management can help individuals lead fulfilling lives. Recovery involves adherence to the treatment plan, regular medical check-ups, and a focus on overall health.

 

Risk Management

Managing emphysema effectively involves minimizing risks such as:

  • Exacerbations: Avoiding known triggers, getting vaccinations, and adhering to prescribed medications can reduce the risk of exacerbations.

  • Lung Infections: Practicing good hygiene and avoiding contact with sick individuals can lower the risk of respiratory infections.

  • Smoking: Quitting smoking is the most critical step to slow the progression of emphysema and reduce the risk of complications.

     

Benefits of Emphysema Management
  • Improved Quality of Life: Effective emphysema management can reduce symptoms, enhance daily life, and support overall well-being.

  • Enhanced Lung Function: Proper treatment helps maintain better lung function, reducing the risk of complications.

  • Reduced Exacerbations: Managing risk factors and following treatment plans can lower the frequency and severity of exacerbations.

 

 
Frequently Asked Questions
  1. Is emphysema curable?

    Emphysema is a chronic condition without a cure, but with proper management, symptoms can be controlled, and disease progression can be slowed.

     

  2. Can emphysema be reversed?

    While lung damage caused by emphysema cannot be reversed, effective treatment can slow the progression of the disease and improve symptoms.

     

  3. Can emphysema lead to other health problems?

    Yes, emphysema can lead to complications such as respiratory infections, heart problems, and weight loss. Proper management helps minimize these risks.

     

  4. Can people with emphysema exercise?

    Many individuals with emphysema can exercise safely. Work with your healthcare provider to create an exercise plan that suits your condition and use prescribed medications as needed before physical activity.

     

  5. Can emphysema be managed without medication?

    Medications are a key component of emphysema management. While lifestyle changes are essential, medications help control symptoms and prevent exacerbations.

Treatment Plans

  • Trauma & intensive care $59
  • Aged Care $29
  • Community Services $25
  • Diagnosis & Investigation $48
  • Medical & Surgical $82
  • Mental Health $74
  • Rehabitation $24
  • Specialised Support Service $19
  • Trauma & intensive care $59
  • Aged Care $29
  • Community Services $25
  • Diagnosis & Investigation $48
  • Medical & Surgical $82
  • Mental Health $74
  • Rehabitation $24
  • Specialised Support Service $19

Treatians As The Best Choice

Treatians understand that seeking medical treatment abroad can be a daunting experience for patients and their families. That’s why the company offers end-to-end support to its clients, from the initial consultation to post-treatment care. The company provides personalized treatment plans that are tailored to meet the individual needs of each patient, and its team of dedicated professionals is always on hand to provide guidance and support throughout the entire process. Contact us at +91-9560960088, drop your email support@treatians.com

 

Doctors

Dr. Prashant Saxena

Pulmonolgy

Dr. Gyanendra Agarwal

Pulmonolgy

Service Recipient Says

Oxmox advised her not to do so, because there were thousands of bad Commas, wild Question Marks and devious.

Kolis Muller NY Citizen
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Oxmox advised her not to do so, because there were thousands of bad Commas, wild Question Marks and devious.

Kolis Muller NY Citizen
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Oxmox advised her not to do so, because there were thousands of bad Commas, wild Question Marks and devious.

Kolis Muller NY Citizen
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