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Open Radical Cystectomy

Open Radical Cystectomy is a surgical procedure performed to remove the bladder and surrounding tissues in cases where bladder cancer has advanced or metastasized. It is considered a definitive treatment option for patients with invasive bladder cancer that has not responded to other treatments. This procedure involves the removal of the bladder, nearby lymph nodes, and surrounding organs if necessary, followed by the creation of a new way for urine to leave the body.

Who Needs Open Radical Cystectomy

Open Radical Cystectomy is typically recommended for individuals who have been diagnosed with invasive bladder cancer that has penetrated the muscle wall of the bladder or has spread to nearby tissues or lymph nodes. This procedure is also considered for patients with non-invasive bladder cancer who have a high risk of disease recurrence or progression. The decision to undergo Open Radical Cystectomy is made by a multidisciplinary team of healthcare professionals, including urologists and oncologists, based on the individual’s specific condition and medical history.

When to See a Specialist

If you have been diagnosed with bladder cancer and your healthcare provider suspects that the disease may have progressed to an advanced stage, it is important to seek a specialist’s opinion.


The process of Open Radical Cystectomy typically involves the following steps:

  • Anesthesia: Before the surgery begins, you will be given general anesthesia to ensure that you are unconscious and pain-free during the procedure.
  • Incision: The surgeon will make an incision in the lower abdomen, typically from the belly button to the pubic bone, to access the bladder and surrounding structures.
  • Bladder and Tissue Removal: The bladder, nearby lymph nodes, and any affected tissues or organs (such as the prostate in men or the uterus and ovaries in women) will be carefully removed.
  • Urinary Diversion: After the bladder is removed, the surgeon will create a new way for urine to leave the body. This can involve the construction of an internal pouch or the creation of an opening (stoma) on the abdominal wall to which an external pouch is attached.
  • Closure: The incision will be closed with sutures or surgical staples, and drains may be placed to remove excess fluid from the surgical site.
  • Recovery: You will be moved to the recovery area, where medical professionals will closely monitor your vital signs and provide pain management as needed.


Road to Recovery:

The recovery process after Open Radical Cystectomy can vary depending on individual factors and the extent of the surgery. Here are some aspects to consider:

  • Hospital Stay: You will typically spend several days in the hospital after the surgery, during which time your medical team will monitor your healing and manage any post-operative complications.
  • Pain Management: You may experience pain or discomfort in the surgical area, which can be managed with pain medications prescribed by your healthcare provider.
  • Activity and Mobility: Initially, you may have limited mobility, but gradually, with guidance from your healthcare team, you will be encouraged to engage in gentle movements and walking to promote healing.
  • Diet and Nutrition: A balanced diet is crucial for recovery.


Risk Management

While Open Radical Cystectomy is an effective treatment for invasive bladder cancer, it does carry certain risks and potential complications. Here are some risks associated with the procedure:

  • Bleeding: There is a risk of significant bleeding during or after the surgery. Surgeons take precautions to control bleeding during the procedure, but blood transfusions may be required in some cases.
  • Infection: As with any surgical procedure, there is a risk of developing an infection at the surgical site or in the urinary tract. Antibiotics are often administered before and after surgery to minimize this risk.
  • Blood Clots: Surgery can increase the risk of developing blood clots in the legs (deep vein thrombosis) or lungs (pulmonary embolism). Measures such as compression stockings, blood-thinning medications, and early mobilization are used to minimize this risk.
  • Urinary Problems: Some patients may experience urinary incontinence (inability to control urine) or urinary retention (difficulty emptying the bladder) following the surgery. In most cases, these issues improve over time, but additional treatments or therapies may be required.

Benefits of Open Radical Cystectomy

Open Radical Cystectomy offers several benefits for individuals with invasive bladder cancer. These include:

  • Disease Control: Open Radical Cystectomy provides a higher likelihood of complete tumor removal compared to other treatment options. It is considered a definitive treatment that aims to remove cancerous tissue and reduce the risk of cancer recurrence.
  • Organ Preservation: While the bladder is removed during the procedure, efforts are made to preserve nearby organs such as the uterus, ovaries, and prostate whenever possible, thus maintaining some degree of normal function.
  • Improved Survival Rates: Open Radical Cystectomy has been associated with improved long-term survival rates for patients with invasive bladder cancer, particularly when the cancer has not spread beyond the bladder.
  • Urinary Continence: With advancements in surgical techniques, there is an increasing focus on preserving urinary continence after Open Radical Cystectomy. Surgeons make efforts to reconstruct the urinary system, allowing patients to regain control over their urination.
  • Quality of Life: While the surgery involves significant recovery time, many patients report improved quality of life following Open Radical Cystectomy, especially when compared to the impact of ongoing cancer treatments.


Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is the recovery time after Open Radical Cystectomy?

The recovery time can vary from person to person, but most individuals require several weeks to a few months to fully recover. Your healthcare team will provide specific guidelines based on your condition.

2. Will I need additional treatments after Open Radical Cystectomy?

Depending on the stage and extent of your bladder cancer, your healthcare team may recommend additional treatments such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy to further manage the disease.

Treatians As The Best Choice

Treatians understand that seeking medical treatment abroad can be a daunting experience for patients and their families. That’s why the company offers end-to-end support to its clients, from the initial consultation to post-treatment care. The company provides personalized treatment plans that are tailored to meet the individual needs of each patient, and its team of dedicated professionals is always on hand to provide guidance and support throughout the entire process. Contact us at +91-9560960088, drop your email [email protected]


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Service Recipient Says

Oxmox advised her not to do so, because there were thousands of bad Commas, wild Question Marks and devious.

Kolis Muller NY Citizen

Oxmox advised her not to do so, because there were thousands of bad Commas, wild Question Marks and devious.

Kolis Muller NY Citizen

Oxmox advised her not to do so, because there were thousands of bad Commas, wild Question Marks and devious.

Kolis Muller NY Citizen