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Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) -Unilateral

Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) – Unilateral is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used to remove kidney stones from a single kidney. It involves creating a small incision in the back and using specialized instruments to break down and remove kidney stones.

Who Needs Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) – Unilateral

Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy – Unilateral may be recommended for individuals who meet the following criteria:

  • Presence of large kidney stones in a single kidney that are causing symptoms or complications.
  • Stones that are resistant to other treatment methods, such as medication or shock wave lithotripsy.
  • Obstruction of the urinary tract due to kidney stone leads to recurrent urinary tract infections, severe pain, or kidney damage.


When to See a Specialist

It is advisable to see a specialist, such as a urologist, in the following situations:

  • Persistent or recurrent symptoms of kidney stones, including severe pain, blood in urine, or frequent urinary tract infections.
  • Imaging tests, such as X-rays or CT scans, reveal the presence of kidney stones.
  • History of kidney stones or a family history of kidney stone disease.


The procedure involves the following steps:

  • Anesthesia: General anesthesia is administered to ensure that the patient remains unconscious and pain-free during the surgery.
  • Incision: A small incision is made in the back to access the affected kidney.
  • Guidewire Placement: A guidewire is inserted into the kidney through the incision under image guidance.
  • Tract Creation: Using a series of dilators, a tract is created to reach the kidney stone.
  • Stone Removal: Specialized instruments, such as a nephroscope or laser, are used to break the stone into smaller fragments and remove them from the kidney.
  • Drainage Tube Placement: A drainage tube (nephrostomy tube) may be inserted to allow the urine to drain from the kidney during the initial healing phase.
  • Closure: The incision is closed with sutures or adhesive strips.


Road to Recovery

The road to recovery after Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy – Unilateral involves the following aspects:

  • Hospital Stay: A hospital stay of 1 to 2 days is typically required for monitoring and initial recovery.
  • Pain Management: Pain medications may be prescribed to manage any discomfort or pain during the recovery period.
  • Fluid Intake: Adequate fluid intake is crucial to promote kidney function and flush out any remaining stone fragments.
  • Follow-up Care: Regular follow-up appointments will be scheduled to monitor the healing process, remove drainage tubes if necessary, and assess the effectiveness of the procedure.


Risk Management

While Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy – Unilateral is generally considered safe, there are potential risks and complications, including:

  • Bleeding: There is a risk of bleeding during or after the procedure, which may require blood transfusion or additional intervention.
  • Infection: Infection at the surgical site or urinary tract can occur. Antibiotics may be prescribed to reduce the risk.
  • Kidney Damage: There is a slight risk of damage to the kidney or surrounding structures during the procedure.
  • Urine Leakage: Rarely, urine leakage from the kidney may occur, requiring further treatment or intervention.
  • Reaction to Anesthesia: Some individuals may experience adverse reactions to anesthesia used during the surgery.


Benefits of Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) – Unilateral:

Effective Stone Removal: PCNL is a highly effective procedure for the removal of kidney stones. It allows for the complete clearance of large or complex kidney stones in a single surgery, reducing the need for multiple procedures.

  • Minimally Invasive Approach: PCNL is a minimally invasive procedure that uses a small incision to access the kidney. Compared to open surgery, it offers advantages such as reduced blood loss, shorter hospital stays, faster recovery, and smaller scars.
  • High Success Rate: PCNL has a high success rate in removing kidney stones, even those that are large or located in difficult-to-reach areas of the kidney. It provides long-term relief from symptoms and helps prevent stone recurrence.
  • Improved Urinary Function: By removing kidney stones, PCNL helps restore normal urinary function. It alleviates symptoms such as pain, urinary obstruction, frequent urination, and urinary tract infections caused by the presence of kidney stones.
  • Reduced Risk of Complications: PCNL is a safe procedure when performed by experienced urologists. It has a low risk of complications such as bleeding, infection, and injury to surrounding structures. The procedure is carefully monitored to ensure the best possible outcomes.


Frequently Asked Questions

1. How long does the PCNL procedure take?

The duration of the PCNL procedure can vary depending on the size and complexity of the kidney stone, as well as individual factors. On average, the surgery can take approximately 1 to 3 hours.

2. What type of anesthesia is used during PCNL surgery?

PCNL is typically performed under general anesthesia, which means you will be asleep and pain-free throughout the procedure. Your anesthesia provider will discuss the specific details with you prior to the surgery.

3. How long is the recovery period after PCNL surgery?

The recovery period after PCNL surgery varies for each individual. Generally, you can expect to stay in the hospital for a few days for monitoring and pain management. It may take a few weeks to fully recover and resume normal activities, depending on the extent of the surgery and individual healing.

4. Will I experience pain after PCNL surgery, and how is it managed?

It is common to experience some discomfort or pain after PCNL surgery. Your doctor will prescribe pain medications to help manage any post-operative pain. It is important to follow their instructions and take the medications as directed.

5. Will I have a stent after PCNL surgery, and how long will it stay in place?

A ureteral stent may be placed after PCNL surgery to help drain urine from the kidney. The duration of stent placement varies but typically ranges from a few days to a few weeks. Your doctor will determine the appropriate duration based on your specific case

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Service Recipient Says

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Kolis Muller NY Citizen

Oxmox advised her not to do so, because there were thousands of bad Commas, wild Question Marks and devious.

Kolis Muller NY Citizen

Oxmox advised her not to do so, because there were thousands of bad Commas, wild Question Marks and devious.

Kolis Muller NY Citizen