Rising Cases of Breast Cancer, Know More Here! 

Rising Cases of Breast Cancer, Know More Here! 

Rising Cases of Breast Cancer, Know More Here! 

Life is unpredictable, you never know what might happen tomorrow. Women who look perfectly fit and healthy suddenly shares the news of her breast cancer. Yes, famous Tv actress, Hina Khan, who got fame from the popular star plus show ‘’Yeh Rishta Kya Kehlata Hai’’ disclosed on her social media account that she has been diagnosed with stage 3 breast cancer. This is indeed sad news for her fans and loved ones. Despite this challenging diagnosis, she reassures everyone that she is doing well and fully committed to overcoming this disease. Well, women have a superpower within them. They can face even the biggest problems wisely. Right? So, let’s discuss the early signs and symptoms of cancer and ways to prevent it. 

Understanding Breast Cancer 

Well, it’s a common type of cancer among women. It occurs when breast cells become abnormal, grow out of control, and form tumors. Moreover, this cancer can develop in different parts of the breast including ducts, that carry milk to the nipple or lobules that produce milk. 

Causes of Breast Cancer 

The exact cause of cancer is not known but several risk factors have been identified. These Include: 

Age- The risk of breast cancer increases as a person gets older. 

Family history- Women with a family history of breast cancer particularly those with mother or sister who has been diagnosed with breast cancer have a high chance of developing the disease.  

Hormones- High levels of estrogen and progesterone can increase the risk of cancer.  

Unhealthy lifestyle- Certain lifestyle factors such as obesity, lack of physical activity, excessive consumption of alcohol and smoking can lead to breast cancer.  

Signs and symptoms to look for 

The symptoms you may experience include: 

  • New lumps or thickening of the skin on your breast or underarm 
  • Changes in size, shape or contour of your breasts 
  • Nipple discharge (other than breast milk) 
  • Pain in the breast or nipple area 
  • Swelling or redness on the breast or nipple skin. 

If you experience any of these symptoms. It’s important to consult your doctor immediately for the proper evaluation and treatment.  

What are the stages of breast cancer? 

Well, stage is a technical term to understand how advanced the disease is. Moreover, breast cancer stages start from 0-4. In which stage 0 means very early whereas stage 4 means very advanced.  

Stage 0- Stage 0 is a very early stage where it doesn’t spread beyond basement membrane. This is also called Ductal Carcinoma in Situ. Moreover, they don’t spread and resolve mostly by surgery.  

Stage 1 and 2- Basically, they are early breast cancer enough to simplify the treatment or we can say that it is less toxic to patient. Moreover, this disease can be treated with surgery or hormone therapy alone.  

Stage 3- In stage 3, the tumor is larger in size i.e. more than 5 cms. Having large lymph nodes in armpit. Additionally, in this chemotherapy is must before surgery.  

Stage 4- In stage 4, cancers spread to the rest of the body like lungs, bones, liver, or brain. 

Steps to reduce risk for breast cancer 

  • Make sure to exercise regularly. Exercise may reduce your risk for cancer.  
  • Avoid smoking and excessive consumption of alcohol  
  • Make sure to eat a healthy diet. Eat lots of vegetables, dairy products, white meat and reduce carbs. 
  • Go for regular screenings and check-ups for early detection and proper treatment.  

Choose Treatians to get best medical treatment without emptying your wallet 

Treatians offer you the best medical services. They help you to find top-notch hospitals, renowned doctors. They assist you throughout the entire process, from planning and organizing your medical treatment to connecting you with the right healthcare provider. Additionally, treatians provides you with top-notch medical treatment without emptying your wallet. So, anyone who is looking for treatment of breast cancer must contact treatians for the successful outcomes.  

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Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is a type of cancer that forms in the breast tissue. It occurs when cells in the breast grow uncontrollably, forming a tumor. Breast cancer can affect both men and women, but it is more commonly found in women. It is the most prevalent cancer among women worldwide.

Who needs Breast Cancer Treatment

Anyone can develop breast cancer, but certain factors may increase the risk. Women over the age of 50, those with a family history of breast cancer, individuals with certain genetic mutations (such as BRCA1 and BRCA2), and those who have previously had breast cancer are at higher risk. However, it’s important to note that breast cancer can also occur in individuals with no known risk factors.


When to see a Specialist:

It is recommended to see a specialist if you notice any changes in your breasts, such as a lump or thickening, changes in breast size or shape, nipple discharge, or skin changes like redness, dimpling, or puckering. Additionally, if you have a family history of breast cancer or other concerning symptoms, it is advisable to consult with a healthcare professional promptly.


Procedure & Treatment

The diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer typically involve several steps. It starts with a physical examination, followed by imaging tests such as mammography, ultrasound, or MRI. If an abnormality is detected, a biopsy is performed to collect tissue samples for further analysis. The biopsy results, along with additional tests like hormone receptor testing and genetic testing, help determine the stage and characteristics of cancer, guiding the treatment plan.

The treatment of breast cancer depends on several factors, including the stage and characteristics of the cancer, as well as the individual’s overall health and preferences. Here are some common treatment options for breast cancer:

  • Surgery: Surgery is often the primary treatment for breast cancer and involves removing the cancerous tumor. The two main surgical options are:

  • Lumpectomy: This procedure involves removing only the tumor and a small margin of surrounding healthy tissue. It aims to preserve the breast while effectively treating the cancer.

  • Mastectomy: In a mastectomy, the entire breast is surgically removed. This can be a total mastectomy, where the entire breast is removed, or a modified radical mastectomy, where the breast tissue, lymph nodes in the underarm area, and sometimes the lining over the chest muscles are removed.

  • Radiation Therapy: Radiation therapy uses high-energy X-rays or other particles to destroy cancer cells or prevent their growth. It is often used after surgery to kill any remaining cancer cells in the breast or nearby lymph nodes. It can also be used before surgery to shrink tumors or alleviate symptoms in advanced cases.

  • Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy involves using drugs to kill cancer cells or prevent their growth. It is typically administered intravenously or orally and can be given before surgery to shrink tumors, after surgery to reduce the risk of recurrence, or in advanced cases to control the disease.

  • Hormone Therapy: Hormone therapy is used for hormone receptor-positive breast cancers. It works by blocking the effects of estrogen or progesterone on cancer cells or reducing the production of these hormones. Common hormone therapies include tamoxifen, aromatase inhibitors, and ovarian suppression.

  • Targeted Therapy: Targeted therapies specifically target certain characteristics or vulnerabilities of cancer cells. Examples include HER2-targeted therapies, such as trastuzumab (Herceptin), pertuzumab (Perjeta), and ado-trastuzumab emtansine (Kadcyla), which are used for HER2-positive breast cancers.

  • Immunotherapy: Immunotherapy helps the immune system recognize and attack cancer cells. While it is not yet a standard treatment for breast cancer, certain immunotherapies may be used in specific cases, such as triple-negative breast cancer or metastatic breast cancer.


Road to Recovery

The road to recovery from breast cancer depends on various factors, including the stage and type of cancer, treatment approach, and individual factors. Treatments may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, targeted therapy, or a combination of these. Recovery often involves a multidisciplinary approach with close monitoring, follow-up visits, and potential rehabilitation or supportive care. Emotional support, lifestyle modifications, and regular screening for early detection are also essential components of the recovery process..


Risk Management

While it’s not possible to completely eliminate the risk of breast cancer, certain lifestyle choices can help reduce the risk. These include maintaining a healthy weight, engaging in regular physical activity, limiting alcohol consumption, avoiding smoking, and being aware of any changes in your breasts. Additionally, early detection through regular self-exams, clinical breast exams, and mammograms can help identify any abnormalities at an early stage, improving treatment outcomes.


Benefits of Breast Cancer Treatments

Detecting and treating breast cancer in its early stages significantly improves the chances of successful treatment and survival. Early diagnosis allows for more effective treatment options, potentially reducing the need for extensive surgery or aggressive treatments. Furthermore, advancements in breast cancer research and treatment have led to improved outcomes and enhanced quality of life for many individuals diagnosed with breast cancer.

Frequently Asked Questions

1.What are the risk factors for breast cancer?

Risk factors for breast cancer include being a woman, increasing age, family history of breast cancer, certain genetic mutations (such as BRCA1 and BRCA2), early menstruation or late menopause, hormone replacement therapy, obesity, alcohol consumption, and previous radiation therapy to the chest.

2.How is breast cancer diagnosed?

Breast cancer is diagnosed through a combination of physical examination, imaging tests (such as mammography, ultrasound, and MRI), and biopsy. Biopsy involves removing a sample of breast tissue or cells for laboratory analysis to determine if cancer is present.

3.What are the different stages of breast cancer?

Breast cancer is staged based on the size of the tumor, lymph node involvement, and the presence of metastasis (spread to other parts of the body). The stages range from 0 to IV, with stage 0 indicating non-invasive cancer and stage IV indicating advanced metastatic cancer.

4.What are the treatment options for breast cancer?

Treatment options for breast cancer depend on the stage and characteristics of the cancer. They may include surgery (such as lumpectomy or mastectomy), radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, targeted therapy, or a combination of these. The treatment plan is personalized for each individual based on their specific situation.

5. How does hormone receptor status affect treatment decisions?

Hormone receptor status (estrogen and progesterone receptors) in breast cancer cells helps guide treatment decisions. Hormone receptor-positive breast cancers can be treated with hormone therapy to block the effects of hormones on cancer cells, while hormone receptor-negative breast cancers may not respond to hormone therapy.

6.What are the possible side effects of breast cancer treatments?

The side effects of breast cancer treatments vary depending on the specific treatment used. Common side effects may include fatigue, hair loss, nausea, vomiting, changes in appetite, weight changes, hot flashes, menopausal symptoms, and temporary or permanent changes to the breast or chest area. It’s important to discuss potential side effects with your healthcare team.

7.Is breast cancer hereditary?

While most cases of breast cancer are not hereditary, around 5-10% of breast cancers are linked to inherited gene mutations, such as BRCA1 and BRCA2. These mutations can be passed down through families and increase the risk of developing breast and other types of cancers.

8.How often should I get screened for breast cancer?

Screening guidelines for breast cancer vary depending on age, family history, and individual risk factors. Generally, it is recommended for women to undergo regular mammograms starting at the age of 40 or earlier if there are risk factors. Clinical breast exams and self-exams are also important for detecting any changes in the breast.

9.Can I still have children after breast cancer treatment?

Many women can still have children after breast cancer treatment, but the ability to conceive may depend on various factors such as the specific treatment received, age, and overall health. It is important to discuss fertility preservation options with your healthcare team before starting treatment.

10.Are there any lifestyle changes that can help prevent breast cancer?

While it’s not possible to completely prevent breast cancer, certain lifestyle changes may help reduce the risk. These include maintaining a healthy weight, engaging in regular physical activity, limiting alcohol consumption, avoiding smoking, and breastfeeding, if possible.

Treatians As The Best Choice

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